Sugar Beet - Beta vulgaris
Sugar beet - Beta vulgaris - is grown commercially for sugar production. Sugar beets are closely related to Beetroot, and Chard.
Sugar beets makes up for 20% of the world's sugar production, with most sugar now produced from sugar cane.
The sugar beet has a conical, white, fleshy root (a taproot)with a flat crown.
Sugar beets grow exclusively in the temperate zone, in contrast to sugarcane, which grows exclusively in the tropical and subtropical zones.
The plant consists of the root and a rosette of rich, brilliant green leaves, to around 30 cm in diameter from the crown of the beet, which is usually level with or just above the ground surface, and can reach weights of up to 1 Kg
Enjoys a rich and well fed soil for good production.