Rosa Canina - Dog Rose
Rosa Canina is a climbing wild rose species native to Europe, northwest Africa and western Asia. It is a deciduous shrub normally ranging in height from 1 to 5 m, though sometimes it can scramble higher into the crowns of taller trees. Its stems are covered with small, sharp, hooked prickles, which aid it in climbing.
The flowers are usually pale pink, but can vary between a deep pink and white and mature into an oval 2 cm red orange fruit, or hip.
The plant is high in certain antioxidants, high in vitamin C level and is used to make syrups, teas and preserves, and the hips are used to make a sweet wine.
Rosa canina fruits have been used internally as tea for treatment of viral infections and disorders of the kidneys and urinary tract.
Forms of this plant are used as stocks for the grafting or budding of cultivated roses. The wild plant is used for stabilising soil in land reclamation and specialised landscaping schemes.
Fully hardy to -15°C and under.